Karma Yoga – The Art of Living


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by Kevin Pederson

The ancient book of Gita, which is the treatise on the living has led a great stress on the karma. Karma is defined as the action and its fruits. Ancient Hindu saints have believed that a mans life is the direct result of his karma. Good thoughts, words and deeds lead to good and happy life while bad thoughts, words and deeds lead a person to disaster. This has been postulated in the 18th century by Isaac Newton, who gave his law as “For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.”
The branch of yoga that deals with karma is called as the karma yoga. Usually you are bound by the cravings and desires associated with your act but you can free yourself by doing the act but dissociating yourself from its consequences. This is the basic concept behind karma yoga and the person who follows this path is known as karma yogi. His behaviour is of indifference and while the world may think he is not interested, in reality he has mastered his desires and has developed awareness of the real significance of the events that occur around him.
This yoga involves doing your duty without any reservations but is free of the cravings of the results that are obtained from the act. This attitude is difficult to acquire because we are taught to hanker after the fruits of the labour and any failure to obtain the desired results leads you to frustration and negative thinking. Also, constant attachment to the results leads you to stress, competition and aggressiveness. This has led to increased incidences of stress, diabetes, depression, heart ailments and suicides and has led many youngsters to use drugs, alcohol and cigarettes. Hence following the teaching of Krishna in Gita, wherein he advises Arjun: “You are entitled to an action but not its fruits” will lead you to a happy and stress free life.
A karma yogi realizes this and hence he follows the path of detachment. But this does not make him dull or inefficient. On the contrary, he channelizes his entire energy into the tasks at hand with complete vigour as his energy is not dissipated and gives it a best shot. Hence the results of his actions are the best and he gets good fruits. He does not run after pleasure but pleasure follows him. This makes him a pleasant person to be around and thus enjoys success in his life.
Kevin Pederson is the webmaster of Yogawiz, that provides information on Yoga and Karma . Karma Yoga is another powerful yoga, where the action is done without expectation of fruits which leads to greater success and happiness in ones life
If you want to work your karma you can do it with the Karma CD (it’s in spanish)

You will find all that you need to know about, self help, stress control, weight control, stop smoking, mind control, relax, motivation and meditation with subliminal messages at Dr. Bonomi’s web site: http://www.drbonomi.com and you can post free your own articles, or find free articles for your web site or ezine at http://articles.drbonomi.com

Discover How Yoga Will Help You Reach Your Goals Part 1


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by Paul M. Jerard Jr.

Time is valuable and there are a number of successful methods for goal realization. Yoga will cross train your mind and body for maximum potential. Imagine being able to optimize your attitude in one hour, per day, or less. Every day, people attend Yoga classes for physical or mental health, and walk away with the tools, to be masters of their own destiny.

How is this possible? Regular attendance to Yoga classes, will result in a positive attitude adjustment for the student. Many of us walk around with a “perceived handicap.” We blame everything for our set backs and lack of opportunities. Society, your boss, and your family, are all easy targets to blame, for lack of opportunities.

It is true that age, financial status, gender, and ethnic background, are factors in success. However, these factors can all be overcome by working toward your goal on a daily basis, and taking life one-step-at- a-time. Remember, that if you think you situation is a disability, it will be.

How can Yoga do anything for you? For one thing, you will appreciate life to its fullest. You will stop wasting time, by letting daily opportunities go by. Many of us have opportunities, but we think it wont work, we dont have what it takes for success, or we lack the drive to carry a plan through.

Yoga and meditation teach you to supervise your mind. Your mind has been allowed to work against you. Much like a “back seat driver,” the mind is good at “second guessing,” fearing, doubting, and discouraging new ideas. The mind would prefer to stay in one place, and let the world go by. Leaving you in a deeper state of frustration, by worrying about making a mistake.

You have to cultivate a positive relationship with your mind, through practicing Yoga postures (asanas), breathing techniques (pranayama), and meditation. You can find all this, and much more, in your local Yoga class. All you have to do is make it a regular routine. Yoga classes are everywhere, from corporate health clubs to senior centers. Whether you practice before, or after, work is not important, and you will start to feel the mental benefits, right away.

Many Yoga students walk away from their first class feeling guilty, that it took so long to start. They anguish over the fact they procrastinated so long. However, the important part is to start and continue your Yoga practice. There is also a common feeling of euphoria during and after Yoga classes. The group support, classroom atmosphere, and the endorphins, will make your day a much better one.
Paul Jerard, is a co-owner/director of Yoga teacher training at Aura Wellness Center. He has been a certified Master Yoga teacher since 1995. He is a master instructor of martial arts. He teaches Yoga, martial arts, and fitness to children, adults, and seniors. Recently he wrote: Is Running a Yoga Business Right for You? For Yoga students, who may be considering a new career as a Yoga teacher. http://www.yoga-teacher-training.org

Dear Yoga


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The word Yoga comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Yug’ that means union. Union between matter and spirit, union between the microcosm and the macrocosm and union between men and God, although today it is often translated as the union of the body, mind, and spirit.

Yoga is more than 5,000 years old, and was created in India as a means to increase strength, flexibility and balance, but most of all as a means to reach God through meditation.

Yoga has a series of “Asanas” or body postures and breathing exercises that help to achieve control of the body and mind, while promoting health, strength, flexibility, and peace of mind.

Although many people think so, Yoga is not a religion, but a means to develop the body, the mind and the spirituality.

Many agnostic and atheist practice yoga because of its numerous benefits, or because they are seeking verifiable experience and personal transformation. And many christians, muslims, hindus and jews, practice some kind of Yoga meditation, in order to contact their higher consciousness, or commune deeply with the Lord.

And it is very important to distinguish spirituality from religion. You can be a spirituality giant and not be religious, or be very religious and not spiritual. Or you can be a giant in both, but spirituality or interest in the spiritual world and matters is not the same as religion.

And that’s why Yoga is for everyone, regardless of age, size, shape, or faith. The Yoga “asanas” gently nurtures your body, stretch and tone the muscles, release pressure in the joints, and align and strengthen the spine. While the breathing exercises, also called “Pranayama” are meant to calm and relax the mind helping you get in contact with the deepest part of your inner self.

Many think that the Yoga is a means to let go stress and negativity, and you can really achieve those results utilizing Yoga, although the best way to get free from stress is learning to say “thy will be done”.

Do what you have to do, in the best way that you can do it. Do it with love and a disinterested attitude. Do not link your work with the results. Do your best and live the results in the hands of God, and this will release stress and anxiety from your life.

But if you like the idea of practicing Yoga, at the same time you will reach an improvement of your health, peace and harmony, and a greater awareness and connectivity to your true essence.

That’s why Yoga is highly recommended for people that live in a competitive and stressing work environment, for people that has health problems, and for any one that seeks spiritual illumination.

There are eight different kinds of yoga, one for each nature in mind, so you can choose the one that appeals you more, but they are all lead to the same end.

The eight different kinds of Yoga are:

  • Bhakti Yoga
  • Karma Yoga
  • Jñaña Yoga
  • Raja Yoga
  • Mantra Yoga
  • Laya Yoga
  • Tantra Yoga
  • Hatha Yoga
  • Some also talk about a ninth Yoga: Yogananda’s Yoga, the Kundalini Yoga or the Kriya Yoga but we will talk about them in other articles.

(to be continued)

Written by Dr. Roberto A. Bonomi

You will find all that you need to know about, self help, stress control, weight control, stop smoking, mind control, relax, motivation and meditation with subliminal messages at Dr. Bonomi’s web site: http://en.drbonomi.com

CHANGES IN PERCEPTION FOLLOWING YOGA PRACTICE


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by Manoj Dash,BHMS,DYT,Ph.D.

Perception is sensation with added complexity due to factors such as memories and emotions. Yoga practice influences perception in three ways:(1) by increasing perceptual sensitivity, (2) by selectively `shutting out undesirable stimuli, and (3) by changing distorted perception, which occurs in schizophrenia.

Practicing yoga improved auditory and visual perception, by increasing sensitivity to various characteristics of the stimuli (e.g., intensity, frequency). Also, electrophysiological studies using evoked potentials have shown that during yoga practice the transmission of sensory information is facilitated.

These studies suggest several applications of yoga practice, in activities ranging from aviation to art. Interestingly, other studies suggest that yoga practice can also help to `shut off undesirable external stimuli, which is possibly due to cortical feedback connections to the sensory pathway.

It is also possible that through changes in cognitive factors yoga influences perception, so that even though the stimulus is `sensed it is not disturbing. This concept has been studied using yoga to help persons with chronic pain to willfully ignore it.

Finally, preliminary studies have shown that yoga practice may modify distorted perception in conditions such as schizophrenia.

Hence, there is sufficient research to support the idea that yoga practice influences perception in different ways, with varied applications.

Perception is the process of interpretation, organization, and elaborating the `raw materials of sensation. Sensation involves sensory receptors and pathways, whereas perception is a cognitive process.

The actual perception of a sensation depends on factors such as what has been learned, memories, and emotions.

It is also important to remember that while perception usually refers to sensory stimuli, this definition can be extended to include the perception of situations. Recordings of middle latency auditory evoked potentials (AEP-MLRs) have shown that the practice of ujjayi pranayama modifies the AEP-MLRs components in two ways.

A specific component (the Na wave) has reduced latency and increased amplitude during pranayama practice.

These results suggest that this practice facilitates the processing of auditory information at mesencephalic and diencephalic levels. A similar result was also seen during the practice of meditation on the syllable Om, where subjects who had more than ten years of meditation experience, showed an increase in the Na wave amplitude and a decrease in its latency while mentally repeating (Om).

No such effect was seen when the same subjects mentally repeated `one, during a control session, for comparison.

These electrophysiological data are corroborated by neuropsychological studies. Previous studies on meditation have shown significant changes in perception, attention and cognition

Brown and Engler in 1980, reported that meditators were found to be more sensitive to subtle aspects of color and shading of the Rorschach test inkblots, than they had been before meditation.

Two studies on the Critical Flicker Fusion Frequency have shown that perceptual sensitivity is not restricted to subtle aspects of the stimulus alone, as detection of a high frequency flickering stimulus was found to improve following yoga training.

A study on the degree of a visual geometric illusion, based on Müller-Lyer lines showed that a combination of focusing and defocusing yoga visual exercises reduces optical illusion more than focusing alone.

These studies were conducted on adult subjects with varying durations of yoga training. It was reported in a recent study on Critical Flicker Fusion Frequency and optical illusion on children who practiced yoga for a shorter duration of 10 days that there was also a significant improvement following the practice of yoga.

To perceive an optical illusion with minimal error and for accurate depth perception the spatial component of visual perception is necessary. The decrease in the degree of optical illusion perceived over a short period would be mainly due to cognitive judgmental factors, but not retinal or cortical factors as generally understood.

The cognitive judgmental factors involve the way in which the subject interprets incoming visual information based on experience, hypothesis and strategies of judgment. Hence the training through yoga to focus and defocus might have influenced the cognitive judgmental factors of the subjects, to significantly reduce the degree of optical illusion perceived.

Critical flicker fusion frequency (CFF), on the other hand, assesses the temporal component of perception of a visual stimulus. The increase in CFF following yoga could be attributed to the effects of yoga reducing physiological signs of stress, as CFF was found to be lower during specific stressors, such as food and water deprivation.

This showed that both spatial and temporal components of visual perception are modified following yoga practices. Hence the electrophysiological data as well as the visual, neuropsychological studies cited above have shown that yoga practice improves diverse aspects of auditory and visual stimuli in normal volunteers.

An interesting difference in auditory perception (based on AEP-MLRs) were also seen in congenitally blind children and adults compared to those with normal sight. The changes suggested improved auditory perception which could be a compensatory mechanism of auditory sensation in the presence of poor vision.

The effect of yoga has been observed on the perception of situations. Examples of a change in the way persons perceive situations was observed in two separate groups of subjects.

A study on 69 aged persons (above 60 years of age), staying in an old age home, showed that after 6 months of yoga practice there was a reduction in their feelings of depression, based on the Geriatric Depression Scale suggesting a favorable change in the wy they perceived their circumstances.

Another study on ten patients with breast cancer (stage 2 and 3), showed reduction in depression and anxiety (using Becks Depression Scale, Spielbergers State and Trait Anxiety Inventory), after practicing yoga for 6 months.

Hence yoga can probably have positive effects on both sensory perception and on the way situations or circumstances are perceived.

Finally, there may be more ways of perceiving the world than we know about. As the renowned sensory neurophysiologist, Vernon B. Mountacastle said: “Each of us lives within…the prison of his own brain. Projecting from it are millions of fragile sensory nerve fibers, in groups uniquely adapted to sample the energetic states of the world around us: heat, light, force, and chemical composition.

That is all we ever know of it directly; all else is logical inference”. Yoga may allow an advanced practitioner to develop `siddhis or special powers, which may hence allow such a person to have a different, possibly `expanded perception of the world.

I am a Doctor, doing my Ph.D.in Yoga. My topic of interest is to conduct Yoga Retreat, take class for Yoga Teacher and Medical professionals for in depth Research findings, and also Interest to conduct research in various field of yoga, both experimental and theoretical. I have been Traveling to all EUROPIAN countries. My contact: yoga4all@india.com My web page: http://www.geocities.com/manojrieneke/Research.html

BHAKTI YOGA


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Bhakti yoga, or devotional yoga, is the most natural path for those who are dominantly seeking emotional fulfillment and well being. The “bhakta” usually practices meditation by visualizing, thinking and feeling that the Lord is sitting or standing before him. The bhakta pours out his heart’s love , adoration, and shares his deepest thoughts and concerns with the Lord until a continual flow of awareness moves between devotee and his or her beloved Lord. This continuous flow of love and life force brings about a superconscious state of awareness which is generally called a mood, or bhava.

Generally, in this form of meditation – bhakti meditation – there is awareness of relationship, or twoness . The devotee is aware of the Lord and of his own being, and of the relationship between the Lord and the devotee. Sometimes, however, the devotee loses self-consciousness and is aware only of the Lord. Also, at times the bhakta experiences that the Lord’s spirit, or consciousness, moves into the devotee, infilling and indwelling him.

Both in the mood of twoness and in the experience of oneness you are transformed: your character is improved. And, periods of higher consciousness come more frequently. With even greater development, the aspirant who does bhakti meditation lives in a sense of permanent relationship with his divine Beloved!

This permanent relationship is not a static thing. It develops into one exciting dimension of love after another. These relationships are ever-new and ever-refreshing and continue to delight the bhakti yogi throughout life.

The bhakta, also, because of the ease of the mood relationship, is given special ability to experience the deep samadhis and other high states of awareness which other yogis focus upon.

Benefits of Chair Yoga – Part 4


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by Paul M. Jerard Jr.

Chair Yoga can easily work in harmony with most physical rehabilitation prescriptions. Many physical therapists have knowledge of Yoga or are teachers of Yoga. Many doctors, physical therapists, and medical professionals recommend Yoga to patients who are making a “come back.”

Yoga gives these patients the strength to move ahead, when many would be discouraged. The comebacks that I have personally witnessed are inspiring to me as a Yoga teacher. Over time, I have seen come backs from strokes, heart attacks, and car accidents.

It touches me that they thanked me for teaching them Yoga or Chair Yoga. The courage to go on came from within their minds, but Yoga became a significant part of their lives. As a Yoga teacher the inspiration was mutual and made me feel helpful. After all, being of help, and being appreciated, are prime motivations for teachers of any subject.

Muscle tone is a result of stretching and flexing any muscle group. Active muscles display themselves on anybody that chooses to use them. This is also a good way to relieve oneself of anxiety, stress, tension, and prevent depression. Like the other benefits, previously mentioned, this results in whole body health. A healthy body does, indeed, compliment a healthy mind.

For those clients who are confined to a chair, it is wise to include some form of a weight bearing, or weight resistance, exercise program. For those who can stand, Chair Yoga is another weight bearing exercise that will stimulate bone building.

With progressive weight resistance, you use free weights or machines, but with Yoga you bear your own body weight. The end result of these exercise programs would be increased bone density and prevention of Osteoporosis.

Seniors spend more time alone, than any other age group. Sometimes, we all need a little solitude, but too much solitude can lead to depression, in some of us. Living life like a monk is not for everyone.

Chair Yoga classes offer a social activity that helps to stimulate the mind and body in a positive way. This becomes an uplifting activity that participants look forward to. Regular attendance, and socializing in Chair Yoga classes, is a healthy activity that leads to building strong relationships.

It also exposes seniors to the many activities that are going on within the community center. Participants of chair Yoga classes are exposed to whole health and gain a nutritional education as a member of a senior, community, or wellness center.

Lastly, all participants in Chair Yoga classes learn to relax and quiet the mind, through breath awareness, meditation, stage-by-stage relaxation, a combination, or another method. The end result being that these Yoga students can control their minds, focus on the good things in life, and prevent depression.
Paul Jerard, is a co-owner/director of Yoga teacher training at Aura Wellness Center. He has been a certified Master Yoga teacher since 1995. He is a master instructor of martial arts. He teaches Yoga, martial arts, and fitness to children, adults, and seniors. Recently he wrote: Is Running a Yoga Business Right for You? For Yoga students, who may be considering a new career as a Yoga teacher. http://www.yoga-teacher-training.org

Querido Yoga


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La palabra Yoga viene de la palabra “Yug” del idioma Sanskrito y que significa unión. Union entre la materia y el espíritu, unión entre el microcosmo y el macrocosmo y unión entre el hombre y Dios, aunque hoy en día muchas veces se la traduce como la unión entre el cuerpo la mente y el espíritu.

El Yoga tiene más de 5.000 años de antiguedad, y fue creado en la India como uina forma de incrementar la fuerza, flexibilidad y balance, pero más que nada como una forma de alcanzar la unión con Dios mediante la meditación.

El Yoga posee una serie de “Asanas” o posturas del cuerpo y ejercicios respiratorios que ayudan a lograr el control sobre el cuerpo y la lmente, mientras al mismo tiempo se logra la salud, la fortaleza, la flexibilidad y la paz mental.

Aunque mucha gente lo considera así, el Yoga no es una religión sino una forma de desarrollar el cuerpo la mente y la espiritualidad.

Muchos agnósticos y ateos practican Yoga debido a sus innumerables beneficios, o porque están buscando experiencias verificables y su transformación personal. Y muchos cristianos, musulmanes, hindúes y judíos practican alguna clase de meditatión Yoga, para ponerse en contacto con su más alto ser, o lograr una íntima comunión con El Señor.

Y es muy importante distinguir entre espiritualidad y religión. Uno puede ser un gigante espiritual y no ser religioso, o ser muy religioso pero no espiritual. O uno puede ser un gigante en ambas cosa, pero la espiritualidad, o el interés por las cosas y el munco espiritual no es lo mismo que la religión.

Y por esto es que el Yoga es para todo el mundo, independientemente de su edad, estatura, forma o fe. Los “Asanas” del Yoga alimentar naturalmente la energía del cuerpo, entonan la musculatura, alivian las presines de las cojunturas y alínean y fortalecen la columna vertebral. Mientras que los ejercicios respiratorios, conocidos como el “Pranayama” fueron creados para calmar y relajar la mente ayudando así a entrar en contacto con la parte más profunda de nuestro ser interior.

Muchos creen que el Yoga sirve para eliminar el stress y la negatividad, y ciertamente que estos objetivos pueden alcanzarse utilizando Yoga, pero la mejor forma de liberarse uno mismo del stress es aprendiendo a decir “hágase Tu voluntad”.

Haz lo que tengas que hacer, en la mejor forma en que lo puedas hacer. Hazlo con amor y desinterés. No relaciones tu trabajo con los resultados que obtendrás del mismo. Hazlo lo mejor que puedas y deja los resultados en las manos de Dios, y esto eliminará el stress y la ansiedad de tu vida.

Pero si te agrada la idea de practicar Yoga, lograrás al mismo tiempo una mejora en tu estado de salud, paz y armonía, y una mayor consciencia y conexión con tu verdadera esencia interior.

Por eso es que el Yoga es tan recomendado a la gente que vive en un entorno de trabajo estresante y competitivo, a la gente que tiene problemas de salud, y a cualquiera que se halle en la búsqueda de la iluminación espiritual.

Existen ocho clases diferentes de Yoga, uno por cada naturalea de mente, por lo cual tú puedes elegir el Yoga que sientas más afín a tu naturaleza, ya que los ocho te llevarán al mismo destino.

Las ocho clases diferentes de Yoga son:

Bhakti Yoga

Karma Yoga

Jñaña Yoga

Raja Yoga

Mantra Yoga

Laya Yoga

Tantra Yoga

Hatha Yoga

Algunos incluso hablan del Yoga de Yogananda, el Kundalini Yoga o Kriya Yoga, pero ya hablaré de ellos en otros artículos.

(continuará)

Escrito por el Dr. Roberto A. Bonomi

Ud. podrá encontrar todo lo que desea saber acerca de la auto ayuda, el control del stress, el control de peso, dejar de fumar, control mental, relajación motivación y la meditación con mensajes subliminales en el sitio web del Dr. Bonomi: http://www.drbonomi.com